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DPPD Handbook. A step-by-step guide for development practitioners to apply the Data Powered Positive Deviance methodDPPD - 2021 - DPPD Initiative
The Method Positive Deviance (PD) is based on the observation that in every community or organization, there are a few individuals who achieve significantly better outcomes than their peers, despite having similar challenges and resources. These individuals are referred to as positive deviants, and adopting their solutions is what is referred to as the PD approach¹. The method described in this Handbook follows the same logic as the PD approach but uses pre-existing, non-traditional data...
Building a culture of learning at scale: learning networks for systems change.McKenzie, F. - 2021 - Orange Compass & Paul Ramsay Foundation
This scoping paper explores the question ‘what would it take to build a culture of learning at scale?’. It focuses on systems-wide learning that can help to inform systems change efforts in complex contexts. To answer this question, literature was reviewed from across diverse disciplines and the realms of education, innovation systems, systems thinking and knowledge management. This inquiry was also supported by in-depth interviews with numerous specialists from the for-purpose sector and...
Lessons Learned from Applying the Data Powered Positive DeviancePawelke, A., Glücker, A., Albanna, B., & Boy, J. - 2021 - DPPD
This report presents six learnings from four pilot projects conducted by the Data Powered Positive Deviance (DPPD) initiative, a global collaboration between the GIZ Data Lab, the UNDP Accelerator Labs Network, the University of Manchester Center for Digital Development, and UN Global Pulse Lab Jakarta. The pilots seek out grassroots solutions to development challenges that range from the interaction between livestock farming and deforestation to gender-based violence and insecurity in dense...
Exploring a new governance agenda: What are the questions that matter?Nixon, N., Verhulst, S., Matin, I., & Vermonte, P. J. - 2021, September 15 - From Poverty to Power
The 100 Questions Initiative, pioneered by the GovLab, seeks to overcome the chasm between supply and demand. It begins not by searching for what data is available, but by asking important questions about the biggest challenges societies and countries face, and then seeking more targeted and relevant data solutions. In doing this, it narrows the gap between policy makers and constituents, providing opportunities for improved evidence-based policy and community engagement in developing...
In all the jobs I have held, the only training that has ever stayed with me was a three-day course on logframes, held in a very pleasant beach hotel on Fiji’s beautiful coral coast. This was a few months after I joined what was then the Overseas Development Administration, DFID’s forerunner. Three days on logframes. Yes really. Our Pacific team were gathered together to learn this new skill. The course was designed not only to help us think rigorously about how change happens, but also to...
Energy Governance in Developing Countries — A New Approach (p. 9) [Briefing]Mcculloch, N. - 2021 - The Policy Practice & Chemonics
In 2015, leaders from around the world agreed to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030. The seventh goal (SDG7) is: “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.” In the same year, the world’s leaders concluded the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change, which will require a global transition in the energy sector away from the use of fossil fuels. Yet, despite growing investments in clean energy in many developing countries, the...
Why Tackling Energy Governance in Developing Countries Needs a Different Approach (p. 30)McCulloch, N. - 2021 - The Policy Practice & Chemonics
Global efforts to improve energy access and quality and to tackle climate change need a different approach to addressing poor energy governance. In 2015, leaders from around the world agreed to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030.1 The seventh goal (SDG7) is “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.” In the same year, the world’s leaders concluded the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change, which will require a global...
We have experimented with different approaches to systems transformation — here are five insightsHaldrup, S. V. - 2021, May 17 - UNDP Innovation
At UNDP Innovation we are on a journey to shift our approach to innovation to help tackle complex development challenges. In short, we are moving away from single point solutions, and instead we are…
Impact Evidence and Beyond: Using Evidence to Drive Adoption of Humanitarian Innovations (Scaling Series, p. 75)Dodgson, K., & Crowley, C. - 2021 - Elrha
This learning paper provides guidance to humanitarian innovators on how to use evidence to enable and drive adoption of innovation. Innovation literature and practice show time and time again that it is difficult to scale innovations. Even when an innovation is demonstrably impactful, better than the existing solution and good value for money, it does not automatically get adopted or used in mainstream humanitarian programming. Why do evidence-based innovations face difficulties in scaling...
Let’s Take the Con Out of Randomized Control Trials in Development (CID Faculty Working Paper No. 399; p. 40)Pritchett, L. - 2021 - Center for International Development, Harvard University
The enthusiasm for the potential of RCTs in development rests in part on the assumption that the use of the rigorous evidence that emerges from an RCT (or from a small set of studies identified as rigorous in a “systematic” review) leads to the adoption of more effective policies, programs or projects. However, the supposed benefits of using rigorous evidence for “evidence based” policy making depend critically on the extent to which there is external validity. If estimates of causal impact...
How to do Adaptive Management in 15 easy steps – from a top new toolkit – FP2PGreen, D. - 2021, April 21 - From Poverty to Power
A top Toolkit on Adaptive Management. But is that a good idea? – FP2PGreen, D. - 2021, April 20 - From Poverty to Power
Implementing adaptive management: A front-line effort — Is there an emerging practice? (Working Paper)Teskey, G., & Tyrrel, L. - 2021 - Abt Associates
Among the many principles that currently inform donor-funded development initiatives, three appear to stand out: they should be politically informed, locally led, and adaptive. There is as yet little practical guidance for aid implementers regarding how to operationalise these approaches. What will it take to shift practice away from linear and planned approaches, towards models which foster local leadership and which engage with emergent and complex systems? This paper suggests that the...
Lessons learned from PERL and partners’ response to the COVID-19 crisis (p. 39)Sharp, S., Nwachukwu, T., & Srivatsa, S. I. - 2021 - PERL Programme
The first case of COVID-19 in Nigeria was confirmed on 27 February 2020, with the first lockdown orders issued on 30 March 2020. The pandemic and resultant containment measures have had farreaching socio-cultural, economic, financial and political implications, globally as well as in Nigeria. For the Partnership to Engage, Reform and Learn (PERL) and its partners, the pandemic has required considerable adaptation of their strategic approach and working practices. This report reflects on...
“Development”: A visual story of shifting powerFaciolince, M., & Obando, H. - 2021, March 23 - From Poverty to Power
The work of shifting power is fundamentally the work of changing our gaze. People act on how they see, and to change how we see, is to radically change how we act. By not exploring other forms of expressing, looking and creating, we’re limiting ourselves. The development space is fixated on the written word. ... This exhibit, called “‘Development’: a visual story of shifting power”, tells the story of ‘development’, from its origin to its current challenge, from its contradictions to its...
A Guide to Assessing the Political Economy of Domestic Climate Change Governance [Working Paper]Worker, J., & Palmer, N. - 2021 - World Resources Institute
This paper discusses how understanding the domestic political economy of climate governance is critical for developing informed strategies to build and sustain political ambition. It provides guidance and a methodology for domestic stakeholders to determine the types of institutional reforms, incentives, coalitions, and policy design that can entrench long-term political support for climate ambition. The assessment can also help users identify political barriers to more equitable climate...
The Future of Development: “Make Happen” with Portfolios of OptionsCHÔRA Foundation - 2021 - CHÔRA Foundation
This Green Paper intends to review key elements of the problem that Development actors will confront as a new decade opens up ahead of us. It will articulate a solution that we believe should become an inherent feature of Development programs and initiatives. This is the outcome of an intense period of experiences and reflections in the Development space across different geographies and institutional mandates and activities, during which the Foundation has collaborated with institutions such...
LearnAdapt: a synthesis of our work on adaptive programming with DFID/FCDO (2017–2020) (Briefing Note)Laws, E., Pett, J., Proud, E., & Rocha Menocal, A. - 2021 - ODI
Key takeaways. • Development is not linear or straightforward, but rather complex, uncertain and context-specific. This calls for international development actors to work differently, in ways that are based on deliberate experimentation, learning and adaptation, to inform decisions and drive effective development. • Although it might go by different names, adaptive programming has been used in a variety of areas and fields in both the public and private sectors. Development practitioners...
Value for money and adaptive programming - Approaches, measures and management [Working Paper]Laws, E., & Valters, C. - 2021 - ODI
- The United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)’s standard economy, efficiency, effectiveness/cost-effectiveness and equity (4E) framework is still relevant for approaching, measuring and managing value for money (VfM) for adaptive programmes. • However, this framework needs to be reframed to capture and incentivise flexibility, learning and adaptation. • VfM appraisal and reporting should be done in a way that draws on beneficiary feedback and informs good...
International aid must use different approaches to address the massive systemic problems it seeks to solve.
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