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Understanding Governance from the Margins: What Does It Mean In Practice?Barnes, Katrina, B., Katrina, Anderson, C., de Chassy, S., … Wazir, R. - 2021 - Institute of Development Studies (IDS)
What does governance look like ‘from below’ – from the perspectives of poor and marginalised households? How do patterns of conflict affect that? These were the questions at the heart of the Governance at the Margins research project. Over three years from 2017-2020 we worked to explore this through in-depth study in conflict-affected areas of Mozambique, Myanmar, and Pakistan. Our research teams interviewed the same people regularly over that time, finding out how they resolved problems and...
Getting Real about Unknowns in Complex Policy Work (RISE Working Paper No. 21/083)Andrews, M. - 2021 - Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE)
As with all public policy work, education policies are demanding. Policy workers need to ‘know’ a lot—about the problems they are addressing, the people who need to be engaged, the promises they can make in response, the context they are working in, and the processes they will follow to implement. Most policy workers answer questions about such issues within the structures of plan and control processes used to devise budgets and projects. These structures limit their knowledge gathering,...
DPPD Handbook. A step-by-step guide for development practitioners to apply the Data Powered Positive Deviance methodDPPD - 2021 - DPPD Initiative
The Method Positive Deviance (PD) is based on the observation that in every community or organization, there are a few individuals who achieve significantly better outcomes than their peers, despite having similar challenges and resources. These individuals are referred to as positive deviants, and adopting their solutions is what is referred to as the PD approach¹. The method described in this Handbook follows the same logic as the PD approach but uses pre-existing, non-traditional data...
Are we there yet? Localisation as the journey towards locally led practice: models, approaches and challenges (p. 70)Baguios, A., King, M., Martins, A., & Pinnington, R. - 2021 - ODI
Localisation and locally led international development practice has long been discussed, but has still not been delivered. Systemic barriers have posed challenges, and the term itself is contested. Now, the last tumultuous 18 months could provide a critical juncture to finally move forward with this crucial agenda. The pandemic has highlighted structural inequalities in the global system, and disrupted ways of working in the international development sector. The Black Lives Matter movement...
Building a culture of learning at scale: learning networks for systems change.McKenzie, F. - 2021 - Orange Compass & Paul Ramsay Foundation
This scoping paper explores the question ‘what would it take to build a culture of learning at scale?’. It focuses on systems-wide learning that can help to inform systems change efforts in complex contexts. To answer this question, literature was reviewed from across diverse disciplines and the realms of education, innovation systems, systems thinking and knowledge management. This inquiry was also supported by in-depth interviews with numerous specialists from the for-purpose sector and...
Lessons Learned from Applying the Data Powered Positive DeviancePawelke, A., Glücker, A., Albanna, B., & Boy, J. - 2021 - DPPD
This report presents six learnings from four pilot projects conducted by the Data Powered Positive Deviance (DPPD) initiative, a global collaboration between the GIZ Data Lab, the UNDP Accelerator Labs Network, the University of Manchester Center for Digital Development, and UN Global Pulse Lab Jakarta. The pilots seek out grassroots solutions to development challenges that range from the interaction between livestock farming and deforestation to gender-based violence and insecurity in dense...
Exploring a new governance agenda: What are the questions that matter?Nixon, N., Verhulst, S., Matin, I., & Vermonte, P. J. - 2021, September 15 - From Poverty to Power
The 100 Questions Initiative, pioneered by the GovLab, seeks to overcome the chasm between supply and demand. It begins not by searching for what data is available, but by asking important questions about the biggest challenges societies and countries face, and then seeking more targeted and relevant data solutions. In doing this, it narrows the gap between policy makers and constituents, providing opportunities for improved evidence-based policy and community engagement in developing...
Learning through and about Contribution Analysis for impact evaluationApgar, M., & Ton, G. - 2021, September 10 - Institute of Development Studies
Over the past five years, colleagues from the Centre for Development Impact – a joint initiative between the Institute of Development Studies, Itad and University of East Anglia - have been innovating with and learning how to use Contribution Analysis as an overarching approach to impact evaluation. In this blog series, we share our learning and insights, some of them in raw emergent form, highlight the complexities, nuances, excitements, and challenges of embracing new ways of doing impact evaluation.
Development Policy and Impact Evaluation: Learning and Accountability in Private Sector DevelopmentTon, G. - 2021 - In Handbook of Development Policy - Edward Elgar Publishing Limited
There is broad recognition of the challenges in evaluating policy and programmes on their contribution to sustainable development. Impact evaluations of PSD programmes are carried out at the behest of a particular configuration of interest groups with different expectations. Some groups want to know whether a programme has worked, others want to know how to do these programmes better, others fear that PSD programmes might result in sub-optimal or adverse development outcomes in recipient...
In all the jobs I have held, the only training that has ever stayed with me was a three-day course on logframes, held in a very pleasant beach hotel on Fiji’s beautiful coral coast. This was a few months after I joined what was then the Overseas Development Administration, DFID’s forerunner. Three days on logframes. Yes really. Our Pacific team were gathered together to learn this new skill. The course was designed not only to help us think rigorously about how change happens, but also to...
Energy Governance in Developing Countries — A New Approach (p. 9) [Briefing]Mcculloch, N. - 2021 - The Policy Practice & Chemonics
In 2015, leaders from around the world agreed to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030. The seventh goal (SDG7) is: “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.” In the same year, the world’s leaders concluded the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change, which will require a global transition in the energy sector away from the use of fossil fuels. Yet, despite growing investments in clean energy in many developing countries, the...
Why Tackling Energy Governance in Developing Countries Needs a Different Approach (p. 30)McCulloch, N. - 2021 - The Policy Practice & Chemonics
Global efforts to improve energy access and quality and to tackle climate change need a different approach to addressing poor energy governance. In 2015, leaders from around the world agreed to 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030.1 The seventh goal (SDG7) is “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.” In the same year, the world’s leaders concluded the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change, which will require a global...
Applying Systems Thinking to Education: The RISE Systems FrameworkSpivack, M. - 2021 - Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE)
Many education systems in low- and middle-income countries are experiencing a learning crisis. Many efforts to address this crisis do not account for the system features of education, meaning that they fail to consider the ways that interactions and feedback loops produce outcomes. Thinking through the feedback relationships that produce the education system can be challenging. The RISE Education Systems Framework, which is sufficiently structured to give boundaries to the analysis but...
We have experimented with different approaches to systems transformation — here are five insightsHaldrup, S. V. - 2021, May 17 - UNDP Innovation
At UNDP Innovation we are on a journey to shift our approach to innovation to help tackle complex development challenges. In short, we are moving away from single point solutions, and instead we are…
Impact Evidence and Beyond: Using Evidence to Drive Adoption of Humanitarian Innovations (Scaling Series, p. 75)Dodgson, K., & Crowley, C. - 2021 - Elrha
This learning paper provides guidance to humanitarian innovators on how to use evidence to enable and drive adoption of innovation. Innovation literature and practice show time and time again that it is difficult to scale innovations. Even when an innovation is demonstrably impactful, better than the existing solution and good value for money, it does not automatically get adopted or used in mainstream humanitarian programming. Why do evidence-based innovations face difficulties in scaling...
PDIA in action (M. Andrews & S. Samji, Eds.)Andrews, M., & Samji, S. (Eds.) - 2021 - Center for International Development, Harvard University
Learning from our experience in 2020, we asked the alumni of our HKS Implementing Public Policy (IPP) Executive Education program, if they wanted to work with our students on their nominated problems. Eight IPP alumni, William Keith Young, Adaeze Oreh, Milzy Carrasco, Kevin Schilling, Artem Shaipov, George Imbenzi, David Wuyep, and Raphael Kenigsberg, who had been trained on PDIA and implementation, signed up to work with our students. Thirty-seven students signed up to take the course...
Understanding Strategic Capacity in Constituency-Based OrganizationsJane Booth-Tobin, Kal Munis, Lynsy Smithson-Stanley, & Hahrie Han - 2021 - The P3 Lab, Johns Hopkins University
Movement organizations work in inherently uncertain political environments. Whether an organization is advocating for a new minimum wage, working to close a private prison, or seeking to influence an election, the terrain they are operating on shifts nearly every day. That is increasingly true as political uncertainty rises in the 21st century, particularly for historically race-class subjugated communities. Any movement-based organization seeking to build, exercise, and win political power...
Let’s Take the Con Out of Randomized Control Trials in Development (CID Faculty Working Paper No. 399; p. 40)Pritchett, L. - 2021 - Center for International Development, Harvard University
The enthusiasm for the potential of RCTs in development rests in part on the assumption that the use of the rigorous evidence that emerges from an RCT (or from a small set of studies identified as rigorous in a “systematic” review) leads to the adoption of more effective policies, programs or projects. However, the supposed benefits of using rigorous evidence for “evidence based” policy making depend critically on the extent to which there is external validity. If estimates of causal impact...
How to do Adaptive Management in 15 easy steps – from a top new toolkit – FP2PGreen, D. - 2021, April 21 - From Poverty to Power
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