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Let’s Take the Con Out of Randomized Control Trials in Development (CID Faculty Working Paper No. 399; p. 40)Pritchett, L. - 2021 - Center for International Development, Harvard University
The enthusiasm for the potential of RCTs in development rests in part on the assumption that the use of the rigorous evidence that emerges from an RCT (or from a small set of studies identified as rigorous in a “systematic” review) leads to the adoption of more effective policies, programs or projects. However, the supposed benefits of using rigorous evidence for “evidence based” policy making depend critically on the extent to which there is external validity. If estimates of causal impact...
Implementing adaptive management: A front-line effort — Is there an emerging practice? (Working Paper)Teskey, G., & Tyrrel, L. - 2021 - Abt Associates
Among the many principles that currently inform donor-funded development initiatives, three appear to stand out: they should be politically informed, locally led, and adaptive. There is as yet little practical guidance for aid implementers regarding how to operationalise these approaches. What will it take to shift practice away from linear and planned approaches, towards models which foster local leadership and which engage with emergent and complex systems? This paper suggests that the...
“Development”: A visual story of shifting powerFaciolince, M., & Obando, H. - 2021, March 23 - From Poverty to Power
The work of shifting power is fundamentally the work of changing our gaze. People act on how they see, and to change how we see, is to radically change how we act. By not exploring other forms of expressing, looking and creating, we’re limiting ourselves. The development space is fixated on the written word. ... This exhibit, called “‘Development’: a visual story of shifting power”, tells the story of ‘development’, from its origin to its current challenge, from its contradictions to its...
A Guide to Assessing the Political Economy of Domestic Climate Change Governance [Working Paper]Worker, J., & Palmer, N. - 2021 - World Resources Institute
This paper discusses how understanding the domestic political economy of climate governance is critical for developing informed strategies to build and sustain political ambition. It provides guidance and a methodology for domestic stakeholders to determine the types of institutional reforms, incentives, coalitions, and policy design that can entrench long-term political support for climate ambition. The assessment can also help users identify political barriers to more equitable climate...
Value for money and adaptive programming - Approaches, measures and management [Working Paper]Laws, E., & Valters, C. - 2021 - ODI
- The United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)’s standard economy, efficiency, effectiveness/cost-effectiveness and equity (4E) framework is still relevant for approaching, measuring and managing value for money (VfM) for adaptive programmes. • However, this framework needs to be reframed to capture and incentivise flexibility, learning and adaptation. • VfM appraisal and reporting should be done in a way that draws on beneficiary feedback and informs good...
International aid must use different approaches to address the massive systemic problems it seeks to solve.
Linking the prepositions: using power analysis to inform strategies for social actionGaventa, J. - 2021 - Journal of Political Power, 0(0), 1–22
This article reviews longstanding debates about the relationship between power over and power to – often posed as the tension between domination and emancipation. It then turns to several frameworks which integrate these approaches to inform strategies for social action. In particular, it focuses on recent empirical studies which apply one such framework, the ‘powercube’, to glean insights into how social actors navigate across multiple forms, spaces and levels of power. In so doing, we gain...
A fair amount has been written recently questioning the value added of theories of change. Have we gone through a hype cycle? Are they…
Triple loop learning
USAID ADS 201 - Operational Policy for the Program Cycle (Update 01/23/2021) (p. 151)USAID - 2021 - USAID
The Program Cycle is USAID’s operational model for planning, delivering, assessing, and adapting development programming in a given region or country to advance U.S. foreign policy. It encompasses guidance and procedures for: 1) Making strategic decisions at the regional or country level about programmatic areas of focus and associated resources; 2) Designing projects and supportive activities to implement strategic plans; and 3) Learning from performance monitoring, evaluations, and other...
Co-Creating Digital Public ServicesJarke, J. - 2021 - In J. Jarke (Ed.), Co-creating Digital Public Services for an Ageing Society: Evidence for User-centric Design (pp. 15–52) - Springer International Publishing
This chapter reviews key literature and concepts relating to the co-creation of digital public services. For this task, it is firstly important to consider what kind of digital public services may be suitable for co-creation. In order to do so, the first section of this chapter defines what a digital public service is (e.g. with respect to different types of service providers, different types of services and service delivery) and considers what kind of digital public services allow for...
Co-creating Digital Public Services for an Ageing Society: Evidence for User-centric DesignJarke, J. - 2021 - Springer International Publishing
This open access book attends to the co-creation of digital public services for ageing societies. Increasingly public services are provided in digital form; their uptake however remains well below expectations. In particular, amongst older adults the need for public services is high, while at the same time the uptake of digital services is lower than the population average. One of the reasons is that many digital public services (or e-services) do not respond well to the life worlds, use...
Don’t Build It: A Guide For Practitioners In Civic Tech / Tech For DevelopmentJordan, L. - 2021 - Grassroot and MIT Governance Lab
If you just remember these... If you can avoid building it, don’t build it; if you have to build it, hire a CTO, ship early, and mature long; and no matter what, draw on a trusted crew, build lean and fast, and get close to and build with your users as soon as possible. --- This guide aims to help you avoid bad projects, structure the team right, ship and learn quicker, and mature longer. The guide starts with project selection, including why the best project to select is no project at...
Make better use of your data and information to learn, improve and tell an evidenced story of the difference your organisation is making.
Online Learning and collaborative platform for systems thinking and systems changeSI - 2021 - Systems Innovation
Managing complexity (and chaos) in times of crisis. A field guide for decision makers inspired by the Cynefin framework (No. JRC123629)Snowden, D., & Rancati, A. - 2021 - Publications Office of the European Union
This field guide helps to navigate crises using the Cynefin framework as a compass. It proposes a four-stage approach through which we can: - assess the type of crisis and initiate a response; - adapt to the new pace and start building sensing networks to inform decisions; - repurpose existing structures and working methods to generate radical innovation; - transcend the crisis, formalise lessons learnt and increase resilience. The guide stresses the importance of setting and managing...
What have we learned about learning? Unpacking the relationship between knowledge and organisational change in development agencies (Discussion Paper No. 9/2021)Yanguas, P. - 2021 - DIE - Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik
Development cooperation has spent decades wrangling over the merits, evidence, and implications of what we may term “the learning hypothesis”: the idea that increased knowledge by development organisations must logically lead to increased effectiveness in the performance of their development activities. Organisations of all stripes have built research and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) departments, adopted a multitude of knowledge management systems and tools, and tinkered with...
When asserting the value of theory-based methods, you often here words like “black boxes” and “causal mechanisms.” These are commonly…
In this final blog in the series, I want to look at the potential value of rubrics. While evaluability assessments can help us to…
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