Results 34 resources
Achieving disability inclusive employment – Are the current approaches deep enough?Shaw, J., Wickenden, M., Thompson, S., & Mader, P. - 2022 - Journal of International Development, n/a(n/a)
Diverse approaches to promoting disability inclusive employment aim to transform workplaces into truly inclusive environments, usually with intervention strategies targeting two main groups: employers and jobseekers with disabilities. However, they do not always consider other relevant stakeholders or address the relationships and interactions between diverse actors in the wider social ecosystem. These approaches often neglect deeper ‘vexing’ difficulties which block progress towards...
Evidence-led adaptive programming: Lessons from MUVASharp, S., Riemenschneider, N., & Selvester, K. - 2022 - ODI
Calls for more ‘adaptive programming’ have been prominent in international development practice for over a decade. Learning-by-doing is a crucial element of this, but programmes have often found it challenging to become more learning oriented. Establishing some form of reflective practice, against countervailing incentives, is difficult. Incorporating data collection processes that generate useful, timely and practical information to inform these reflections is even more so.This paper...
Seeing the Combined Effects of Aid Programmes (No. 196; IDS Policy Briefing)Burge, R., Nadelman, R., McGee, R., … Anderson, C. - 2022 - IDS
Multiple aid agencies often try to support change in the same places, at the same time, and with similar actors. Surprisingly, their interactions and combined effects are rarely explored. This Policy Briefing describes findings from research conducted on recent aid programmes that overlapped in Mozambique, Nigeria, and Pakistan, and from a webinar with UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) advisors and practitioners. The research found three distinct categories of ‘interaction...
Innovating for inclusive rigour in peacebuilding evaluationApgar, M., Báez-Silva, Á. M., Deng, A. C., … Wingender, L. - 2022, April 22 - Institute of Development Studies
Inclusive and rigorous peacebuilding evaluation is both vital and complex. In this blog we share examples of how we are innovating our methodologies to move towards participatory and adaptive practice.
The Difference Learning Makes - Factors that enable and inhibit adaptive programmingGray, S., & Carl, A. - 2022 - Christian Aid
Executive Summary When Christian Aid (CA) Ireland devised its multi-country and multi-year Irish Aid funded Programme Grant II (2017-2022), they opted to move away from a linear programme management approach and to explore an adaptive one. Across seven countries: Angola, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe, CA and partner organisations support marginalised communities to realise their rights, reduce violence and address...
Data-powered positive deviance: Combining traditional and non-traditional data to identify and characterise development-related outperformersAlbanna, B., Heeks, R., Pawelke, A., … Gluecker, A. - 2022 - Development Engineering, 7, 100090
The positive deviance approach in international development scales practices and strategies of positively-deviant individuals and groups: those who are able to achieve significantly better development outcomes than their peers despite having similar resources and challenges. This approach relies mainly on traditional data sources (e.g. surveys and interviews) for identifying those positive deviants and for discovering their successful solutions. The growing availability of non-traditional...
Civil society organizations and managerialism: On the depoliticization of the adaptive management agendaGutheil, L., & Koch, D.-J. - 2022 - Development Policy Review, n/a(n/a)
Motivation In the last decade, a movement formed around making aid delivery more adaptive, relying on principles such as context sensitivity, flexibility, and ownership. The approaches seem promising for civil society organizations (CSOs) to fulfil their mission of fostering social transformation. While several donor agencies have started engaging with such approaches, the authors hardly see their political implications in practice. Purpose The article aims to provide evidence on an adaptive...
Nimble adaptation: Tailoring monitoring, evaluation, and learning methods to provide actionable data in complex environmentsSerpe, L., Ingram, M., & Byom, K. - 2022 - New Directions for Evaluation, 2022(176), 97–106
This chapter examines good practices in implementing effective Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning (MEL) systems within complex international development Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance (DRG) programs, which are characterized by challenges of non-linearity, limited evidence of theories of change, and contextual and politically contingent nature of outcomes. The chapter presents three cases of MEL systems in complex projects implemented by Pact across distinct and diverse operating...
Understanding Governance from the Margins: What Does It Mean In Practice?Barnes, Katrina, B., Katrina, Anderson, C., de Chassy, S., … Wazir, R. - 2021 - Institute of Development Studies (IDS)
What does governance look like ‘from below’ – from the perspectives of poor and marginalised households? How do patterns of conflict affect that? These were the questions at the heart of the Governance at the Margins research project. Over three years from 2017-2020 we worked to explore this through in-depth study in conflict-affected areas of Mozambique, Myanmar, and Pakistan. Our research teams interviewed the same people regularly over that time, finding out how they resolved problems and...
Getting Real about Unknowns in Complex Policy Work (RISE Working Paper No. 21/083)Andrews, M. - 2021 - Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE)
As with all public policy work, education policies are demanding. Policy workers need to ‘know’ a lot—about the problems they are addressing, the people who need to be engaged, the promises they can make in response, the context they are working in, and the processes they will follow to implement. Most policy workers answer questions about such issues within the structures of plan and control processes used to devise budgets and projects. These structures limit their knowledge gathering,...
DPPD Handbook. A step-by-step guide for development practitioners to apply the Data Powered Positive Deviance methodDPPD - 2021 - DPPD Initiative
The Method Positive Deviance (PD) is based on the observation that in every community or organization, there are a few individuals who achieve significantly better outcomes than their peers, despite having similar challenges and resources. These individuals are referred to as positive deviants, and adopting their solutions is what is referred to as the PD approach¹. The method described in this Handbook follows the same logic as the PD approach but uses pre-existing, non-traditional data...
Lessons Learned from Applying the Data Powered Positive DeviancePawelke, A., Glücker, A., Albanna, B., & Boy, J. - 2021 - DPPD
This report presents six learnings from four pilot projects conducted by the Data Powered Positive Deviance (DPPD) initiative, a global collaboration between the GIZ Data Lab, the UNDP Accelerator Labs Network, the University of Manchester Center for Digital Development, and UN Global Pulse Lab Jakarta. The pilots seek out grassroots solutions to development challenges that range from the interaction between livestock farming and deforestation to gender-based violence and insecurity in dense...
Applying Systems Thinking to Education: The RISE Systems FrameworkSpivack, M. - 2021 - Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE)
Many education systems in low- and middle-income countries are experiencing a learning crisis. Many efforts to address this crisis do not account for the system features of education, meaning that they fail to consider the ways that interactions and feedback loops produce outcomes. Thinking through the feedback relationships that produce the education system can be challenging. The RISE Education Systems Framework, which is sufficiently structured to give boundaries to the analysis but...
PDIA in action (M. Andrews & S. Samji, Eds.)Andrews, M., & Samji, S. (Eds.) - 2021 - Center for International Development, Harvard University
Learning from our experience in 2020, we asked the alumni of our HKS Implementing Public Policy (IPP) Executive Education program, if they wanted to work with our students on their nominated problems. Eight IPP alumni, William Keith Young, Adaeze Oreh, Milzy Carrasco, Kevin Schilling, Artem Shaipov, George Imbenzi, David Wuyep, and Raphael Kenigsberg, who had been trained on PDIA and implementation, signed up to work with our students. Thirty-seven students signed up to take the course...
Value for money and adaptive programming - Approaches, measures and management [Working Paper]Laws, E., & Valters, C. - 2021 - ODI
- The United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)’s standard economy, efficiency, effectiveness/cost-effectiveness and equity (4E) framework is still relevant for approaching, measuring and managing value for money (VfM) for adaptive programmes. • However, this framework needs to be reframed to capture and incentivise flexibility, learning and adaptation. • VfM appraisal and reporting should be done in a way that draws on beneficiary feedback and informs good...
A Systems Framework for International Development: The Data-Layered Causal Loop DiagramBlair, C., Gralla, E., Wetmore, F., … Peters, M. - 2021 - Production and Operations Management, 30(12), 4374–4395
Meeting the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will require adapting or redirecting a variety of very complex global and local human systems. It is essential that development scholars and practitioners have tools to understand the dynamics of these systems and the key drivers of their behavior, such as barriers to progress and leverage points for driving sustainable change. System dynamics tools are well suited to address this challenge, but they must first be adapted for...
Nuru Kenya transition from Nuru International, KenyaDillan, H., Ouma, J., & Yamron, D. - 2020 - In M. Renoir & G. Boone (Eds.), What Transformation Takes - Evidence of Responsible INGO Transitions to Locally Led Development Around the World (p. 31) - Peace Direct
This case study is an example of a phased transfer of ownership and responsibility from INGO Nuru International to Nuru Kenya, including the exit of all international staff. Post-transition, Nuru Kenya is managed entirely by Kenyan staff, although it continues to receive financial support from Nuru International. A lot of the elements described are aligned with Adaptive Management ways of working.
Mainsreaming gender in an adaptive, politically smart governance programme - Lessons from Institutions for Inclusive Development in TanzaniaLaws, E. - 2020 - ODI
• This paper looks at the experience of gender mainstreaming in the Institutions for Inclusive Development (I4ID) programme – an adaptive, politically smart governance programme in Tanzania. • When development programmes try to engage with political stakeholders and align with the priorities of wider coalitions there is a danger that gender equality is de-prioritised. • It is important that formal political economy analysis, as well as other data collection, analysis and consultation...
Rethinking value for money for adaptive, politically smart programmes - Lessons from Institutions for Inclusive Development in Tanzania [Briefing note]Laws, E. - 2020 - ODI
- This short paper draws out lessons for working effectively with and through partners, based on the experience of the Institutions for Inclusive Development (I4ID) programme – an adaptive, politically smart governance programme in Tanzania. • Cultivating effective partnerships can be a key part of delivering locally legitimate projects that have the potential to create sustainable change. Adaptive and politically informed ways of working create specific opportunities and challenges for...
Working effectively through partnerships - Lessons from Institutions for Inclusive Development in Tanzania [Briefing note]Laws, E. - 2020 - ODI
• This paper looks critically at the approach to value for money (VfM) in the Institutions for Inclusive Development (I4ID) programme – an adaptive, politically smart governance programme in Tanzania. • Adaptive, politically smart programmes like I4ID aim to deliver VfM by learning about what will work in complex environments, and quickly incorporating those lessons into delivery. When functioning properly, they can rapidly wind down activities as new information emerges and divert funding...
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