Results 17 resources
Opportunities for Using Complexity-Aware Approaches to Theory of Change (SDC-IDS Briefing Note 8)Goodier, S., & Apgar, M. - 2018 - IDS
The purpose of this briefing note is to review opportunities for using complexity aware approaches to Theory of Change (ToC) to inform the SDC approach. It provides an overview of complexity-aware approaches and then focuses on demonstrating how complexity thinking can support programming by building on the frameworks currently being used in the project/programme cycle management (PCM) processes. It is aimed at SDC staff, in particular Programme Officers and staff of partner organisations...
Learning through and about Contribution Analysis for impact evaluationApgar, M., & Ton, G. - 2021, September 10 - Institute of Development Studies
Over the past five years, colleagues from the Centre for Development Impact – a joint initiative between the Institute of Development Studies, Itad and University of East Anglia - have been innovating with and learning how to use Contribution Analysis as an overarching approach to impact evaluation. In this blog series, we share our learning and insights, some of them in raw emergent form, highlight the complexities, nuances, excitements, and challenges of embracing new ways of doing impact evaluation.
The Art and Craft of Bricolage in Evaluation (No. 24; CDI Practice Paper)Aston, T., & Apgar, M. - 2022 - Institute for Development Studies
This CDI Practice Paper by Tom Aston and Marina Apgar makes the case for ‘bricolage’ in complexity-aware and qualitative evaluation methods. It provides a framework based on a review of 33 methods to support evaluators to be more intentional about bricolage and to combine the component parts of relevant methods more effectively. It discusses two cases from practice to illustrate the value added of taking a more intentional approach. It further argues that navigating different forms of...
Reframing, refining, and reconceptualising the worst forms of child labour through participatory adaptive programmingApgar, M., & Burns, D. - 2021 - Journal of Modern Slavery, 6(4)
This article explores the potential of using participatory action research as an adaptive programming modality to drive learning and innovation to tackle the drivers of (and seek to eliminate) the Worst Forms of Child Labour. We draw on our experience from early phases of implementation of a large-scale action research programme, which despite the constraints covid-19 posed in moving to full implementation and participatory engagement with children and other stakeholders on the ground, is...
State of the Art on Use of Theory of Change in the Development Sector (SDC-IDS Briefing Note 7)Goodier, S., Apgar, M., & Clark, L. - 2018 - IDS
The purpose of this briefing note is to add to SDC’s understanding of Theory of Change (ToC), drawing on the literature and practice to sketch out the current state of the art approach. This involves expanding on ToC beyond SDC’s current practice of using Impact Hypotheses (IH) to bridge it to operational practice and use ToC more explicitly in the project/programme cycle management (PCM) processes. Sharing the state of the art on use of ToC in the development sector, this briefing...
Contribution analysis for adaptive management (Briefing Paper, p. 14)Apgar, M., Hernandez, K., & Ton, G. - 2020 - IDS/GLAM
This briefing note shares practical learning on the use of contribution analysis for adaptive management (CA4AM). It examines how the approach enables programmes to work with theories of change in a practical, reflexive way, and how, combined with assessing evidence of a programme’s contribution to change, its findings can inform programme adaptation. It also examines both how and to what extent CA enables AM through the experiences of four large complex programmes all working towards...
Designing a Participatory Programme at Scale: Phases 1 and 2 of the CLARISSA Programme on Worst Forms of Child Labour (No. 7; CLARISSA Working Paper)Burns, D., Apgar, M., & Raw, A. - 2021 - Institute of Development Studies
CLARISSA (Child Labour: Action-Research-Innovation in South and South-Eastern Asia) is a large-scale Participatory Action Research programme which aims to identify, evidence, and promote effective multi-stakeholder action to tackle the drivers of the worst forms of child labour in selected supply chains in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar. CLARISSA places a particular focus on participants’ own ‘agency’. In other words, participants’ ability to understand the situation they face, and to...
Adaptive Management in SDC: Challenges and OpportunitiesPrieto Martin, P., Apgar, M., & Hernandez, K. - 2020 - IDS
Adaptive management (AM) is a programme management approach that helps international development organisations to become more learning-oriented and more effective in addressing complex development challenges. AM practices have been applied for decades within other sectors as varied as logistics, manufacturing, product design, military strategy, software development and lean enterprise. At its core, AM is not much more than common sense, as it essentially recognises that the solutions to...
Evaluating Research for Development: Innovation to Navigate ComplexityApgar, M., Snijder, M., Higdon, G. L., & Szabo, S. - 2023 - The European Journal of Development Research, 35(2), 241–259
Large publicly funded programmes of research continue to receive increased investment as interventions aiming to produce impact for the world’s poorest and most marginalized populations. At this intersection of research and development, research is expected to contribute to complex processes of societal change. Embracing a co-produced view of impact as emerging along uncertain causal pathways often without predefined outcomes calls for innovation in the use of complexity-aware approaches to...
Capacity Development in a Participatory Adaptive Programme: the Case of the Clarissa ConsortiumWidmer, M., Apgar, M., Afroze, J., … Constant, S. - 2022
Doing development differently rests on deliberate efforts to reflect and learn, not just about what programmes are doing and achieving, but about how they are working. This is particularly important for an action research programme like Child Labour: Action- Research-Innovation in South and South-Eastern Asia (CLARISSA), which is implemented by a consortium of organisations from across the research and development spectrum, during a rapidly changing global pandemic. Harnessing the potential...
Evaluating CLARISSA: Innovation Driven by a Participatory Learning Agenda (No. 2; CLARISSA Working Paper)Apgar, M., Snijder, M., Kakri, S., … Ton, G. - 2020 - Institute of Development Studies
Children end up in child labour as a result of many, often unknown or hidden, interactions between multiple actors and multiple factors within households, communities, and labour systems, leading to unpredictable outcomes for children and other sector stakeholders and sometimes resulting in the worst forms of child labour (WFCL). It is a complex problem, and interventions aimed at tackling it are also, inevitably, complex and challenging. The way they influence change is non-linear,...
Designing Contribution Analysis of Participatory Programming to Tackle the Worst Forms of Child Labour (No. 2; CLARISSA Research and Evidence Paper)Apgar, M., Snijder, M., Prieto Martin, P., … Paul, S. - 2022 - Institute of Development Studies
This Research and Evidence Paper presents the theory-based and participatory evaluation design of the Child Labour: Action-Research- Innovation in South and South-Eastern Asia (CLARISSA) programme. The evaluation is embedded in emergent Participatory Action Research with children and other stakeholders to address the drivers of the worst forms of child labour (WFCL). The report describes the use of contribution analysis as an overarching approach, with its emphasis on crafting, nesting and...
Innovating for inclusive rigour in peacebuilding evaluationApgar, M., Báez-Silva, Á. M., Deng, A. C., … Wingender, L. - 2022, April 22 - Institute of Development Studies
Inclusive and rigorous peacebuilding evaluation is both vital and complex. In this blog we share examples of how we are innovating our methodologies to move towards participatory and adaptive practice.
Using a ‘Partnership Rubric’ in Participatory Evaluations (CLARiSSA Learning Note) Snijder, M., Hicks, J., Paul, S., … Veitch, H. - 2023 - Institute of Development Studies
Programmes that aim to tackle complex societal issues, such as the worst forms of child labour, require rich partnerships that bring together different perspectives. CLARISSA’s consortium partnership adopts an empowerment approach to the interventions we deliver and our ways of working together. Part of this approach involves ongoing reflection and learning about how we work together in our partnership, and how this can be adapted if needed. This learning note focuses on a method used in...
Revealing the Relational Mechanisms of Research for Development Through Social Network AnalysisApgar, M., Fournie, G., Haesler, B., … Hossain, M. - 2023 - The European Journal of Development Research, 35(2), 323–350
Achieving impact through research for development programmes (R4D) requires engagement with diverse stakeholders across the research, development and policy divides. Understanding how such programmes support the emergence of outcomes, therefore, requires a focus on the relational aspects of engagement and collaboration. Increasingly, evaluation of large research collaborations is employing social network analysis (SNA), making use of its relational view of causation. In this paper, we use...
How are Research for Development Programmes Implementing and Evaluating Equitable Partnerships to Address Power Asymmetries?Snijder, M., Steege, R., Callander, M., … Ateles, J. - 2023 - The European Journal of Development Research, 35(2), 351–379
The complexity of issues addressed by research for development (R4D) requires collaborations between partners from a range of disciplines and cultural contexts. Power asymmetries within such partnerships may obstruct the fair distribution of resources, responsibilities and benefits across all partners. This paper presents a cross-case analysis of five R4D partnership evaluations, their methods and how they unearthed and addressed power asymmetries. It contributes to the field of R4D...
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