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What difference does CLA make to development? Key findings from a recent literature reviewLearning Lab - 2020 - USAID
USAID’s Bureau for Policy, Planning and Learning and its LEARN support contract are working to integrate systematic, intentional and resourced collaborating, learning and adapting (CLA) throughout program planning and implementation to achieve more effective development programs. As part of this effort, USAID is exploring several approaches to understand whether and how strategic collaboration, continuous learning and adaptive management make a difference to organizational effectiveness and...
Process Tracing as a Practical Evaluation Method: Comparative Learning from Six EvaluationsWadeson, A., Monzani, B., & Aston, T. - 2020
What we’ve learned about adaptive management from our Somalia education programmingHeales, C. - 2020, February 28 - Care Insights
Adaptive management in its various incarnations has long been a focus of a development community that is more and more frequently bumping up against the barriers of complexity, and looking for ways to overcome its challenges. In a field where we consistently have to deal with multifaceted problems,...
Decide Madrid: A Critical Analysis of an Award-Winning e-Participation InitiativeRoyo, S., Pina, V., & Garcia-Rayado, J. - 2020 - Sustainability, 12(4), 1674
This paper analyzes the award-winning e-participation initiative of the city council of Madrid, Decide Madrid, to identify the critical success factors and the main barriers that are conditioning its performance. An exploratory case study is used as a research technique, including desk research and semi-structured interviews. The analysis distinguishes contextual, organizational and individual level factors; it considers whether the factors or barriers are more related to the information and...
How many times have you worked on something that you know is failing, or just isn’t going as well as we’d all have hoped, but haven’t had…
Governance Diaries: An Approach to Governance Research from the Ground UpLoureiro, M., Joshi, A., Barnes, K., & Chaimite, E. - 2020 - IDS
Research on empowerment and accountability tends to focus on collective action and its potential for empowering citizens undertaking the action and on achieving state accountability. In fragile, conflict and violence-affected settings (FCVAS) collective action is rare and risky. So how do citizens, particularly the chronically poor and most marginalised, interact and make claims on the different public authorities that exist in these settings, and how do these interactions contribute to...
Getting intentional about M&E: choosing suitable approaches for adaptive programmesManagement, G. L. for A. - 2020, February 7 - GLAM Blog
Does the choice of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) approaches and tools matter for adaptive programmes? In short, yes: monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) and adaptive management (AM) are intertwined. While programme monitoring data and evaluation results are not the only sources of evidence that programmes use for learning and iteration, they often are amongst most important ones — or at least they should be. Selecting what type of information to collect and analyse — and how — is...
Actually Navigating by Judgment: Towards a New Paradigm of Donor Accountability Where the Current System Doesn’t WorkHonig, D. - 2020 - Center for Global Development
This working paper explores how donors can move towards greater Navigation by Judgment, highlighting the actions people inside and outside aid agencies can work to make change—encouraging more Navigation by Judgment on the margin, starting today.
Managing Better: What All of Us Can Do to Encourage Aid SuccessHonig, D. - 2020 - Center for Global Development
Management by way of top-down controls and targets sometimes gets in the way of aid donors’ aims, undermining project success. These unhelpful controls often stem from a need to account for performance; legislatures or executive boards induce agencies to exercise tight process controls and orient projects towards what is measurable and reportable.
Transforming our work: Getting ready for transformational projectsKehrer, D., Flossmann-Kraus, U., Ronco Alarcon, S. V., … Aschmann, G. - 2020 - GIZ
Self Sabotage: Why Doing the Right Thing Results in FailureNewell, P. - 2020, January 7 - War on the Rocks
In January 2010 improvised explosive device (IED) attacks against dismounted infantry squads in Afghanistan numbered in the single digits — with only two
A New Policy Narrative for Pastoralism? Pastoralists as Reliability Professionals and Pastoralist Systems as Infrastructure [Working Paper]Roe, E. - 2020 - ESRC STEPS Centre
This paper proposes that pastoralist systems are better treated, in aggregate, as a global critical infrastructure. The policy and management implications that follow are significant and differ importantly from current pastoralist policies and recommendations. A multi-typology framework is presented, identifying the conditions under which pastoralists can be considered real-time reliability professionals in systems with mandates preventing or otherwise avoiding key events from happening....
This document explores how organisations can measure the level of influence that they had over an outcome. It summarises influence in terms of the significance of the outcome, the level of contribution and the strength of evidence.
Adaptive Management in SDC: Challenges and OpportunitiesPrieto Martin, P., Apgar, M., & Hernandez, K. - 2020 - IDS
Adaptive management (AM) is a programme management approach that helps international development organisations to become more learning-oriented and more effective in addressing complex development challenges. AM practices have been applied for decades within other sectors as varied as logistics, manufacturing, product design, military strategy, software development and lean enterprise. At its core, AM is not much more than common sense, as it essentially recognises that the solutions to...
Thinking and Working Politically in development - Coalitions for Change in The PhilippinesSidel, J. T., & Faustino, J. - 2020 - The Asia Foundation
The Asia Foundation and the Australian Embassy in the Philippines today released a new publication, Thinking and Working Politically in Development: Coalitions for Change in the Philippines. Written by London School of Economics and Political Science Professor John T. Sidel and The Asia Foundation’s Jaime Faustino, the book examines the first phase of the Coalitions for Change program (2012-2018) and the contributions to key development policy reforms in the Philippines. The book is a...
Contribution analysis for adaptive management (Briefing Paper, p. 14)Apgar, M., Hernandez, K., & Ton, G. - 2020 - IDS/GLAM
This briefing note shares practical learning on the use of contribution analysis for adaptive management (CA4AM). It examines how the approach enables programmes to work with theories of change in a practical, reflexive way, and how, combined with assessing evidence of a programme’s contribution to change, its findings can inform programme adaptation. It also examines both how and to what extent CA enables AM through the experiences of four large complex programmes all working towards...
Unpacking Mechanisms in Climate Resilient Agriculture InterventionsBarrett, S., D’Errico, S., Anderson, S., & Nebsu, B. - 2020 - New Directions for Evaluation, 2020(167), 115–130
The investigation of causal mechanisms has the capacity to provide donors and implementing institutions with a greater understanding of people's reasoning and reactions as they work with interventions. This chapter contributes to the literature by identifying behavioral mechanisms generated through engagement with climate-resilient agriculture interventions within a larger livelihood project in Ethiopia. It works through the steps that enabled the study to unpack the black box between the...
Letting Evidence Speak for Itself: Measuring Confidence in MechanismsBefani, B., & D’Errico, S. - 2020 - New Directions for Evaluation, 2020(167), 27–43
This chapter argues that the credibility of causal mechanisms can be greatly increased by formulating them as statements that are both empirically falsifiable and empirically confirmable. Whether statements can be so depends on the potential availability of the relevant evidence (e.g., no evidence exists that can prove or disprove the existence of God, but good quality evidence is potentially available in many other cases). The Bayes formula can be used to measure the extent to which a given...
Using a Participatory Theory Driven Evaluation Approach to Identify Causal Mechanisms in Innovation ProcessesBlundo‐Canto, G., Devaux‐Spatarakis, A., Mathé, S., … Cerdan, C. - 2020 - New Directions for Evaluation, 2020(167), 59–72
Applied agricultural research institutes play different roles in complex agricultural innovation processes, contributing to them with other actors. To foster learning and usable knowledge on how research actions influence such lasting innovation processes, there is a need to identify the causal mechanisms linking these actions and the effects of the changes they enable. A participatory, theory-driven, ex-post evaluation method, ImpresS, was developed by the French Agricultural Research...
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